Thursday, July 07, 2005

Singapore's system of talent production: the paradox of success

In Singapore, uniquely talented persons often find themselves in a very strange situation due to the success of the meritocratic system here. In this entry, I am not suggesting that Singapore does not value 'talent'; it certainly does and in fact puts in great effort to cultivate talent....

But in my view, the 'system' in Singapore has been too successful in churning out 'talent'. Everywhere we go, we hear about Singaporeans with a string of A's under their belts or high scores for standardized tests. The paradoxical effect of our success is that individual 'young and uniquely' talented persons are often not considered to be unique, for they are now hidden within the talent-crowd comprising talent of varying degrees of excellence, passion, and dispensibility. As a result, a prodigy-in-the-making with great passion in his chosen field may very well be treated as any 'ordinarily talented' person.

So, while I agree that 'talent' in the collective sense is valued, I feel that individual young and uniquely talented persons (henceforth called 'young potential supertalent') may not be so valued, and what I mean is this: instead of being singled out and groomed further to realize their fullest potential in their chosen field, quite often, these people with potential to go far in their fields are overlooked. (Old, established, and proven 'supertalent' such as Nobel Prize winners of course need not worry, since risk-averse Singaporean bosses are always reassured by tried and tested products.)

Consider the common view in Singapore that there is a replacement for anybody no matter how outstanding he appears. Consider also the unfazed reaction when many bosses and managers in many Singapore organizations encounter outstanding young individuals - there is often no outward expression of being impressed at all. The nonchalant or even occasionally aloof treatment comes across as a non-verbal message to the young potential supertalent, hinting to him that all his achievements are 'not a big deal' at all; and thus he feels slighted. The impression that bosses and managers have is that there are numerous Singaporean first class honours or summa cum laude graduates, masters degree holders, PhDs, artists, writers, academics, and other professionals around....Surely one less wouldn't make a difference? And furthermore, if the person later became a globally recognized figure in his field, we can always reclaim him as a 'prodigal son', can't we?

This is a kind of culture in Singapore, which may have a negative effect of creating disillusionment in the young potential supertalent who perceive the system as one that fails to recognize their great potential to go far in their fields - their uniqueness. Flooded with hordes of straight-A's graduates, quite a lot of organizations in Singapore have lost their ability to identify the young potential supertalent and differentiate them from those who are merely ordinarily good. This does not mean that they do not wish to be able to do so, but merely that they find it increasingly difficult or even impossible to do so because on the surface, everybody looks quite talented!

Some may feel that as long as these young potential supertalent still live on and pursue their trades, who cares if they are disillusioned? They may further reason that even if we lose one outstanding local talent, we can always seek a foreign replacement. I think that sometimes there is no replacement if the talented local person is a 'one of its kind' (sui generis). After all, history has shown that there is only one Chopin, one Michaelangelo, and one Einstein. I also suspect that there is a consolatory kind of thinking that even if a young potential super-talent is disenchanted and upset, then maybe he can do better work because of his frustration! After all, many geniuses were very depressed and disillusioned people. So the impression is that depression might bring about excellent work: correlation is thus confused with causation.

In every field, if we fail to cherish, promote and support the next generation of Singaporean 'young potential supertalent' now, they will be hindered from reaching their fullest potential, and their path to global fame will be greatly slowed down. Singapore has done a good job of supporting some important fields, such as life sciences, engineering, computer science and so on, but I feel that it can do a bit more in certain other fields...

One might argue that if the flower is of a particular species, it will look beautiful no matter what, and hence there is no need for extensive support. But this argument fails to recognize that there is a subtle but significant difference between a wilting flower that still manages to look nice in the normal way, and a fully blossomed flower that looks spectacularly captivating because of special nurturing. A painful process of struggle does not create talent; many people succeed not because of the lack of support for what they do (financially, emotionally, institutionally, etc), but in spite of it. Bread and butter issues do distract people, as one episode of the Chinese television series 'Zheng Ban Qiao' (the Artist) shows. Some struggle is fine, but too much struggle wastes the precious time of the talented person who could have started contributing to his chosen field much earlier.

At this point, one might ask this question, 'How do we identify the young potential supertalent then?' Unfortunately, this is not always easy. But it is precisely because of this difficulty of identifying them in advance that Singapore needs to view every person who is 'quite talented' as an individual with potentially great contributions to make in his field - that is, with due respect despite his youth, and with the working assumption that he may one day go really far indeed....

In an era when Singapore has successfully churned out so many people with good grades and apparent flair in various fields, the task of identifying and nurturing the young potential supertalent is made much more challenging. The success of the meritocratic system in producing students with many A's has made the task of identifying those who can go really far in their fields much trickier. And it is precisely because of this reason that we must not end up thinking that people in our talent pool are all 'talented in the same ways', as though they are interchangeable and easily replaceable commodities. If we end up doing so, we would have failed to understand what the psychologist Dean Keith Simonton calls 'the origins of genius'.

28 Comments:

Blogger John Lim the-one-who-splits-PAP-apart said...

as i see it, we are still stuck in the same rut. and hardly changed. what has changed is only the context.

In the 70s-80s, we marshalled our forces towards jobs that has immediate value to our economy and it showed in the figures.

come 21st century, we are again marshalled into 'developing' ourselves in the bio-medical or whatever fields the govt wants.

i get the feeling the govt is still being too restrictive in recognising what is talent. Only those that brings potential effect towards Singapore's choosen direction are really recognised as such...

just my 0.01625cents of thoughts.

Thu Jul 07, 08:03:00 PM 2005  
Anonymous ah huat said...

One must first realize that Singapore has very unique definitions of certain terms. Here are the unofficial definitions of some of them:

Talent: Someone who holds at least a bachelor's degree and a non-Singaporean passport.

Elite: A Singaporean with exceptional academic achievements.

Quitter: A derogatory term used to describe a Singaporean who is not residing in Singapore. NOTE: not used on scholars who are currently studying overseas; see previous definition.

Heartlander: Someone who belongs to none of the above.

Fri Jul 08, 02:52:00 AM 2005  
Blogger Dorothy said...

As in almost everything else, the word 'talent' has an official meaning - the fields that one is allowed to be talented in are not clearly spelled out, but unspokenly highlighted.

And people have a lot of faith in such govt sanctioned definitions. For example, once the govt decided that life sciences will be good for us, everyone is flocking to that field of studies. Their word is apparantly gold.

I think that talent and passion goes hand in hand. In such a mechanical sorting process of what is considered 'talent', how can true talent ever be recognised even if it does emerge?

Fri Jul 08, 12:57:00 PM 2005  
Blogger tyme said...

what is REAL talent? i agree that the govt does dictate what field singapore should go into and people do flock to that field at the expense of their own interest or other talents. Some of the people i know who heeded the call for more IT literacy in the late 1990s and studied computer engineering came out hating that field and swearing never to go into that field. (they're mostly now in banking btw)

It's always hard to go against the govt or your family's wishes. Thus, it's hard to develop whatever talent you might have. But i guess, being the govt, they have to have some kind of measure and something to show the people. you really cannot fault them for trying to plan out singapore's direction and competitiveness. They have the right intentions, but as to the method...? i'll leave that to everyone else... :p

Sat Jul 09, 02:02:00 AM 2005  
Blogger jeffyen said...

Nice stuff. I think a new buzzword called Uniquely Talented is appropriate for this issue. I think all people are talented, if only they are told so...

Sun Jul 10, 12:26:00 PM 2005  
Blogger Heavenly Sword said...

Greetings!

I'm processing the finer points of your comments and will reply in two or three days. Thanks for commenting! In the meantime, I shall see if there are more comments coming in...Do wait for my summary response!

Sun Jul 10, 02:47:00 PM 2005  
Blogger Dorothy said...

I will say that REAL talent will refer to the kind of talent that is fuelled not by any potential monetary or material benefits, but by the sheer passion for the field in question (although the monetary consideration may still not be completely absent). Surely someone who is really outstanding in his field of work will also be truely passionate about it as well.

Sun Jul 10, 03:48:00 PM 2005  
Blogger Elia Diodati said...

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Sun Jul 10, 11:18:00 PM 2005  
Blogger Heavenly Sword said...

Greetings!

john: your comment suggests that the signals that the govt sends is very important in encouraging or discouraging people. More on this in the next post...

ah huat: haha, i would have to disagree with the four definitions.. More on this in the next post...

dorothy: 'their word is apparently gold' - this observation suggests that part of the problem lies with the parents, who are the most direct advisors to their children. More on this in later posts...And I agree with your insistence on including 'passion' as a necessary characteristic of true talent.

tyme: I would agree that the govt has good intentions. As for your question on 'real talent', I'll tackle this in my later post. This post is mainly for sketching out the paradox of the system.

jeffrey: thanks for the compliment and for pointing out that 'Uniquely Talented' has the potential to become a new buzzword :)

elia diodati: Welcome to Heavenly Sword's Manor! :) Thanks for doing the trackback. Your article is impressive and reflects signs of genius. I shall have to read it a few more times in order to formulate my reply. More on this in my next post!

Mon Jul 11, 05:45:00 PM 2005  
Blogger Huichieh said...

I've made some *tangential* comments (again...) on the "talent" issue on my site...

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