Sunday, August 13, 2006

Metaphors of the nation: person, place, and club

Today Heavenly Sword wishes to write about 'the nation' using three metaphors: 'person', 'place', and 'club'. My discussion will focus on 'reasonably well-educated Singaporeans' who are potentially mobile, and I shall argue that the first metaphor of the 'person' should be abandoned, while the next two metaphors of 'place' and 'club' should be retained. To forestall any misunderstanding regarding the general spirit of the post, I'd just like to say that it's meant to be positive and not negative or overly critical about Singapore and its futures in general.

In many discussions of the nation, for example in Singapore's cyber-civil society and in mainstream media, there has been a tendency to anthromorphosize Singapore and treat it as though it's a 'parent', an 'elder', or some other person whom you should physically care for and love. But a nation is not a person. It does not 'lose' any love, or any 'care' if you leave the nation. The relationship with a nation is simply different from the relationship with parents. If you leave your ageing parents, they 'lose' the companionship and the care that you could have provided if you were by their side. But if you leave your country, the country does not 'lose' any companionship or care. I'm not saying that the country doesn't lose anything. But what does the country lose? In my view, the country only 'loses' something if one is truly talented enough to make a difference to his professional field. So I argue that the one of the primary duties of a reasonably well-educated citizen for the next fifty years or so is to make himself as professionally skilled and talented as possible, for by doing so he can make more valuable contributions to the country - in the quantitative and the qualitative senses.

Now, there is one obstacle, however, lying within the realm of political culture. One prominent area of emotional warfare in Singapore is the perceived 'divide' between Singaporeans who are 'ungrateful' and those who are 'grateful'. There was a stormy debate earlier surrounding blogger Kway-Teow-Man's claim that the tendency for some to think in terms of government 'listening' to them is flawed. I argue that is not appropriate to use the term 'listening' to characterize the relationship between the government and the people. Talking about 'being grateful' is also not a good way to proceed, because if you have this criteria, there will always be a hierarchy of gratitude. Some people are inherently more capable of feeling gratitude to their parents, teachers, company/organization, nation and so on. Those who feel that they 'possess' more of such emotional 'goods' then believe, misguidedly, that they have more of a 'right' to this place compared to their compatriots, which seems to me like people asking for the conferment of an honourary doctorate where none is deserved. It's like a man thinking that he has more 'rights' to a woman than another man does just because he loves her more. The worst thing, however, is not the mere fact that some Singaporeans think like that; it is the fact that Singaporeans view 'moving overseas' as a sign of ingratitude. This is the wrong way to understand the practice of 'moving overseas' in the contemporary era, as the rest of my essay will make clear.

A nation is a place. Because it's a place, we can do things to it, to make it better. A place that people make it to be, and by their actions, inactions, and interactions shape the aesthetic, political, and societal culture. In a globalized village characterized by efficient communications and transport technologies, these actions and interactions can always take place at a distance. So the view that you must be 'based here' to do anything at all is flawed, and so is the view that 'if you are based there you can't do anything'. The boundaries between 'here' and 'there' have become fuzzy, and while Singaporeans most probably would have heard of this, I think that they have not appreciated the great significance of it. Many Singaporeans have also failed to realize that what makes the place shine is not 'lots and lots of grateful people', but 'lots and lots of talented people'. Because this is the case, all the practices of 'chiding' on the part of those who perceive themselves to be more 'loyal', 'grateful', 'patriotic' and so on to Singapore (as though the nation is a person) does more harm than good. If people perceive themselves to be patriotic, then all the more must they refrain from such practices of chiding, which they know will make people unhappy. In this era, the world is one's oyster, and a person who doesn't venture out really does miss out on some valuable experiences; let's face it, overseas expatriation experiences are actually really good for career development. A person who can show that he can succeed in different 'systems' would have proven his worth, and because he has proven his worth, what he says and does will have more weight than one who has done nothing in his life to prove his worth. And he who has ventured abroad can always come back when he is ready...

But a nation is not a club, critics would argue. One should not just treat it as a club where you come and go, as and when you please, as and when you need to 'use the facilities'. This appears to be a convincing statement, but only superficially. Firstly, there is nothing stopping people from loving a club ('oh I really love that club'), and most entities can be analogized to 'clubs' anyway. What is needed is simply a paradigm shift, to realize that one can love a club; think of it in more emotional ways, for otherwise, even if it's not a club but something else, you will treat that something else in a transactional manner anyway. Secondly, Singaporeans should come and go as they please. Why not? This is their home. These are their lives (and they only have one life each, just like Heavenly Sword), and only the individual concerned should have ultimate control over his own life. I am strongly against the view that an individual should 'jiao1 dai4' (account/report/explain one's decisions and non-decisions) to anyone, other than his parents and immediate family members (yes, not even relatives). Neither is it the 'business' of anybody unrelated to him to judge his actions, using unflattering words and discourses. Having said that, I do not mean that Singaporeans should always 'go'; what I'm saying is that it's really fine to treat this as a place for you to come and go, and then after going, come back anytime - precisely because 'this place always welcomes you back', 'this is your home'. The vision I have is a Singapore where a hug always awaits one when one comes back home, no matter how many years one has been away or for whatever reasons one might have chosen to leave initially. People grow, and they grow with time and with new experiences. The person complaining about things at age twenty may very well be that very person who gives his everything to the country at age fifty; the person complaining about things at age fifty may have contributed a great deal in his youth - he should be allowed to go wherever he likes, for whatever reasons, without being judged. This why I do not agree with any analyses that do not build in this 'developmental' perspective.

The nation is global, not national. Singapore is a small place, but 'Singapore' need not be confined to this place; the home can be expanded. However there is a slightly worrying trend: the world is big and Singapore is but a tiny dot on the map, yet many Singaporeans still think that 'Singapore is the world' or even 'better than the world', which is wrong because 'the world does have much more to offer compared to Singapore'. To argue against this would amount to incredulity, for how can such a vast entity known as the world 'lose' to a compact entity called Singapore? Surely one cannot argue that 'Singapore 'beats' the world because Singapore is so safe', can he? But quite amazingly, many Singaporeans do think like that. In the first place, Singapore isn't safe; it only feels safe, and I believe it's good to be vigilant and recognize this. It is nice to be able to see the world that has much to offer, to get a sense of perspective and balance, and to know that there are alternative ways of being a human, of making a living and of thinking about things. Globalizing oneself also makes one more valuable to the nation, for one would then have become valuable through his travels, as my favourite fairy tale The Three Princes of Serendip shows. Conversely, immobilizing oneself only maintains the status quo. Think beyond a tiny 'wiggle" room', as Xenoboy wrote. On their part, those who are more patriotic should take care not to let their patriotism do damage to the sensitive emotional relationship between the rooted and the mobile. Knowing that it's sensitive and then still insisting on provoking others is not right. Zen Buddhism says that small actions that might be 'right' at a micro level may well turn out to be 'wrong' at a more macro level, and vice versa. Therefore I want to argue that even if being dissatisified and uncontented with what one has is not really good, as long as this has the effect of making Singaporeans venture outwards, it is good in its overall effects. Without brain drain, you can never have too much reverse brain gain, and Singapore's 'global network' can never be too spectacular.

5 Comments:

Anonymous Rowen said...

HS i agree we should be encourage to develop our talents so we are marketable the world over. Example such as becoming an aviation engineer.

In singapore we do have a strong aviation industries which can still be developed. A lot of the engineers in MAS, Cathy pacific or emirates are singaporean engineers.

Moreover, a lot of our SIA former stewards and stewardess went over to emirates and helped them develop their services training that is one of the reasons as to why the other airlines' services have improved.

However, do these people bring back money to singapore for our own nations' development? that i am not sure and cannot comment.

If they do it coz some sense of belong to the nation do they feel?

Or is is because their family are here?

This is i guess most important.

When you see Japan is hit by a economic crisis, lots of japanese firms return to japan and consolidate the strength of the nation.

You see a lot of maids sending money back to the economies of their motherland.


If singapore were to develop a strong sense of belonging in our overseas citizens, would they do the same in times of crisis?

So although the government of singapore may not be 100% correct, they are trying to instill a sense of belonging in our people. (they can try harder)

My 2 cents worth.

Sun Aug 13, 05:11:00 PM 2006  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi..

Love your blog, man. It's obvious that you put a lot of thought into what you write.

Would you like to be a part of an independent online project which we are undertaking?

Please do email me at : toc984@yahoo.com.sg .

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Tue Aug 22, 10:54:00 PM 2006  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I have 2 points to comment.

Point 1:
"one of the primary duties of a reasonably well-educated citizen for the next fifty years or so is to make himself as professionally skilled and talented as possible, for by doing so he can make more valuable contributions to the country - in the quantitative and the qualitative senses".

The above seems to be in-line with the govt's current perspective of its citizens as units of economic production. While it is true to certain extent, it seems to discount the value of those who contribute indirectly to Singapore socially, economically or otherwise. E.g. There are many who volunteer in Singapore so that others may develop their talents and contribute to the society. Granted such roles may be "easily" filled by other volunteers. Nevertheless, even if 1 person leave, it will mean less benefit for Singapore's society, and possibly economy, as a whole.

Point 2:
"The worst thing, however, is not the mere fact that some Singaporeans think like that; it is the fact that Singaporeans view 'moving overseas' as a sign of ingratitude."

Yes, the above brings to mind the "stayers vs quitters" debate raised years ago by the then PM GCT. Back then and even now, I thought it was a strange political stand to take for many of us are but 2nd/3rd/4th generation Singaporeans whose fore-fathers "quitted" their homeland in search of a better life. Was he labelling our forefathers as "quitters"?

Take my late grandfather for example. Yes, he "quitted" China because it was tough to make a living in the villages then due to social and political unrest. However, in quitting China, he made a living in foreign lands and sent money back to his relatives in China to improve their welfare. Therefore on the macro level, his quitting actually benefitted China (albeit mainly his relatives) more than staying on to be one of its poor villagers.

Thankfully the government has stopped using the "stayers vs quitters" slogan. Nevertheless, without active promotion of a "reversal in policy standing", the effect of the previous government propaganda remains stuck in the minds of numerous "rooted and loyal" Singaporeans (as noted by you). This, imho, is sad.

Tue Sep 05, 09:58:00 PM 2006  
Blogger Heavenly Sword said...

Dear Rowen, First Anonymous reader, and Second Anonymous reader,

Thanks for your comments by Rowen and Anonymous 2, which I do agree with (and which I find insightful).

Apologies for not being able to write a longer reply now, as I'm currently drowning in work... :(

I need Red Bull...

Thanks Anonymous reader 1, for your invitation. A blogger about to retire won't be a very good addition! :)

Wed Sep 06, 10:16:00 PM 2006  
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